In the Mother-Traditions, ‘Hinduism’ and Judaism, the Sacrifice was ritualized and directed at the mythic God of the original texts.
This changed with the arrival of the reform movements: The Buddha-Dharma and Christianity. [There were others, but these are the big ones.]
What was the change? The change was the redefinition of what ‘Sacrifice’ meant. Sacrifice was no longer simply a ritual offering. Something more was being asked for.
Your most possession: ‘You’.
And that required coming to terms with the central feature of the Human Condition: Suffering. Sacrifice was not simply a one-time event. It was a life-long requirement.
In Buddhism this is the elaboration of Dhukkha, the First Noble Truth. In Christianity, it is symbolized by Jesus’ crucifiction on the Cross, the dominant symbol of the tradition itself.
See: ‘An Unquiet Desperation‘
‘Hinduism’ marks the peoples living East of the river Sindhu. [Indus in English, the letters ‘H’, ‘S’ and ‘I’ interchanging in Sanskrit, Persian and Greek].
Sindhu–Stana, now as ‘India’, a designation given by its own residents, goes back to the early records of Āryāvarta. Dharma [and Buddha-Dharma] relate specifically to its philosophical core.
The two reform movements themselves inevitably birthed new movements over the centuries. Each break claimed a finer understanding of what ‘Sacrifice’ meant. Protestantism, for example and its emphasis on the Work-Ethic. We look at numerous variants in later Posts.